The Angel of the Lord

Saturday, Nov. 7                                                                    

Someone recently pointed out to me that the second person of the trinity, the one we call Jesus in the New Testament, is never referred to in the Old Testament as God’s Son.  I had never thought about this before, but I think it’s correct.  Ps. 2:7-8 says “I will proclaim the decree of the Lord: He said to me, ‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession.’”   This is in reference to Christ but is prophetic, so is not opposed to the observation above.  God appeared to men on many occasions in the Old Testament.  Different words or phrases are used:  God, Jehovah, the Lord, et al.  One that is often used is “The Angel of the Lord.”  This personage ministered to Hagar (Gen. 16), stopped Abraham from killing Isaac (Gen. 22), spoke to Jacob in a dream when he was fleeing Esau (Gen. 31), and appears in many other passages.  He is not a created angel.  Created angels are not to be worshiped, but this personage is often worshiped:  Abraham’s bargaining concerning the destruction of Sodom, Moses at the burning bush (Ex. 3), Gideon’s call to raise an army against the Midianites (Judges 6), and other occasions.  Most Bible scholars agree that the “Angel of the Lord” is the second person of the trinity, the one we call Jesus Christ in the New Testament.  You may wonder at the use of the word “angel” here.  The word “angel” simply means “messenger,” which fits perfectly.  The Angel of the Lord was sent in specific, crucial situations.  The point here is that He is never referred to as Son in the Old Testament.  Only in the New Testament is he called a Son.  Jesus invariably referred to himself as the Son of Man.  So  Ps. 2:7-8 is a prophecy of the incarnation.  Jesus was born with a human mother, but His father was God Himself.  The day that Jesus was born of Mary was when the prophecy of Psalm 2 was fulfilled.

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